Historian’s latest work provides a fresh perspective on trading

CHINLE

Trading posts were such a fact of life for so many years in the Four Corners that many of us haven’t thought about how unique this system of commerce really was.

Courtesy photo
In “Both Sides of the Bullpen,” Robert McPherson examines Indian trading from the perspectives of both the traders and their customers.

In “Both Sides of the Bullpen: Navajo Trade and Posts” (University of Oklahoma Press, 2017), Utah State University history professor Robert McPherson gives us a look at the heyday of the Indian trading posts from both the Native and Anglo perspectives.

Indian trade is a well-trod trail for both historians and novelists. A search on amazon.com turns up dozens of titles, including several first-hand memoirs of traders — but McPherson’s book plows new ground by including the Navajo and Ute perspective. He has combed the few memoirs and oral histories of Natives and done some original research among the elders of the Monument Valley area that sheds light on the fragile yet lasting relationship between trader and customer.

When the traders started setting up shop, shortly after the Navajo Reservation was established, Native Americans were no strangers to barter. Utes, Paiutes, Diné and Puebloans had been exchanging meat, corn, baskets, pots, skins and jewelry for centuries. The Navajos even had songs for trade, McPherson notes.

Several early traders described hearing beautiful melodies from afar as their customers rode in on horseback — not knowing the Diné were actually praying for an advantageous deal.

The best traders immersed themselves in Diné culture, learning the language and ways to make their posts comfortable and welcoming to their customers, slowly building trust deal by deal. The worst didn’t last long, either abandoning their posts for greener pastures elsewhere, or in extreme cases being murdered by angry customers.

Categories: Culture

About Author

Cindy Yurth

Cindy Yurth is the Tséyi' Bureau reporter, covering the Central Agency of the Navajo Nation. Her other beats include agriculture and Arizona state politics. She holds a bachelor’s degree in technical journalism from Colorado State University with a cognate in geology. She has been in the news business since 1980 and with the Navajo Times since 2005, and is the author of “Exploring the Navajo Nation Chapter by Chapter.” She can be reached at editor@navajotimes.com.